Let us learn Hindi
Jaya & Chaman Lal Raina
Hindi Lesson No 7
हिन्दी पाठ संख्या ७
Jaya --Chaman Lal Raina
Hope you must have studied your Hindi Lesson No 6. It is very nice to hear from you that you enjoy the beauty of Hindi language spoken in India. It has its root in the Sanskrit language. The script is known as the Devanagari script, for writing Hindi. Marathi is also written in the Devanagari script.
We can write Koshur/Kashmiri also with the Davanagari script with certain diacritical marks.
jaya--Chaman Lal Raina
जया एवं चमन लाल रैना
Today, we will learn about the
Professionals are known as Kaarigar or Kaamgaar. These are:---
1 NaaYii नाई, he who is a barber,also known as
Baal Kaatane Waalaa /बाल काटने वाला
2 Teli--तेली, he who grinds the oil seeds , also known as
Tel bechne waala--तेल बेचने वाला
3 Nanwayi नानवाई is baker
4 Kumhar कुम्हार is a potter
5 Maali माली is a gardner माली is also knwn as
Phool Bechne waala--- फूल बेचने वाला
6 Darzi दरज़ी is tailor
7 Dhobi धोबी is a washerman
8 Dhobin धोबिन/धोबन is a washer woman.
9 Lohaar लोहार is a blacksmith
10 Sunaar सुनार is a goldsmith
11 Tarkhaan तर.खान is a carpenter, also known
as BaDhai बढई
12 Raaj राज is mason, also known as
Note: Mistri मिस्त्री is known as Mechanic as well.
13 Kahar कहार is the water supplier.
If she is woman, she is called as Kahaarin'/
Kahaaran कहारिन/ कहारन
14 ThaThera ठठेरा is he, who makes the brass
15Julaaha जुलाहा is weaver,
julaahin /julaahan जुलाहिन is female weaver
16 Bhikhaari भिखारीis a beggar
bhikharan/ Bhikharin भिखारिन is female beggar
1 Gadi saaz ग़डी साज़ is he, who mends and sells the watches
2 Bisaati बिसाती also known as Manyaari is he who sells thread,shampoo, lotions, creams, and other cosmetic items.
3 Dawaii Vikretaa दवाइ विक्रेता is a druggist
4 Kiryaana Parchoon Bechane waala
किरयाना-- परचून बेचने वाला is a retailer who sells the spices edibles, rice wheat, sugar etc.
5 Thok Maal Bechne Wala. थोक माल बेचने वाला is whole sale dealer
Some works done by women alone
1 Bai बाई is she who helps in cleaning the kitchen, washes the utensils and helps in laundry .
1 Mazdoor मज़दूर is a male lobourer
2 Mazduuran or Majuran मजूरिन is womam lobourer.
**About the Authors
Chaman Lal Raina has specialized in the teaching of Hindi. He taught " Research Methodology Course" at the University of Kashmir and "Teaching of Hindi" to the B.Ed Students, through Distance Education Program . His Monograph on "Kshemendra" in Kashmiri has been published by the Sahitya Academy, New-Delhi, India. He writes in Hindi, Kashmiri, Sanskrit and English.
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