MOTHER IN THE HINDU HERITAGE
MOTHER IN THE HINDU HERITAGE
*Dr Chaman Lal Raina
thrva Veda says: May the husband and wife be complementary to each other! May the husband be a song, the wife be a verse! May husband be the Sky and wife be the earth! It is by their union that offspring results. Each have to emotionally fulfill the vow of being faithful for higher values of life. (14.2.7). Verily, this is the essence of married life to live in perfect harmony for the betterment of the children and for the observance of ethical values in the society.
Amar Kosha says that the bilogical mother is --- Janayitri prasur mata janani.She who gives birth to a child is verily, mother.
The Shakti Agamas says that the Divine Mother is the source of all creation,as she is seen in the Para-Prakriti.
This is what we need to understand on the sanctity of the mother in essence. The child needs to respect the mother not only on a specific day, but throughout life. This is the beauty of Indian heritage that we call every woman as the Matri -Shakti. She is not only given the due respect, but revered as the incarnation of the Divine mother. Durga Sapta Shati establishes this norm,as she is revered as the Ashta Matrika.
Manu Smriti says:
Yatra Naryastu Pujante Ramante Tatra Devatah,
The translation runs as: Where women are adored, there the Gods are delighted; but where they are not worshipped, all religious ceremonies become futile.
The word Dampati means husband and wife bonded together, under the Sapta Padi, the uniting of the two souls for raising the progeny and giving the best Sanaskaras to the children. The family , relations and neighbors remain as the witness to this sacred sacrament. This institution is ancient , and more dedicated life is seen even today in the Hindu way of life.
The Brihad Upanishad says: Man and woman are the equal units of life to fit in a single set for maintaining the healthy norms of life (1.4.50). There are various sources of information to reveal that the concept of Motherhood is very pious, having the characteristics of purity and a moral bondage between the mother and child. The epic SAVITRI written by Sri Aurobindo Ghosh has put the Vedic womanhood/motherhood in high esteem, where Yama, the Lord of Death had to surrender before Savitri, when her husband's soul was taken away by Yama. But for the presence of mind, true dedication and spiritual insight of Savitri, her husband Satyavan was saved, and then Savitri gave birth to many children. Therefore, the Indian womanhood is revered as Savitri.
Sita in her exile taught all the spiritual insights to Lava and Kusha and was very much instrumemtal in imparting military training to her twins, according to the Kshatriya Dharma , where Shri Rama had no choice but to accept their challenge in that Ashvamedha Yagnya. There can be no better example for the children to pay their homage to Mothers, as was displayed by Lava and Kusha in the court of Ramarajya of Shri Rama, in restoring the lost prestige of Sita .
It is because of the reverence for Motherhood, that Lalleshvari, Roopa Bhavani, Arni Maal, are revered in Kashmir, though we have no evidence that they bore a child. Mothers day is the celebration of a son/daughter to see the biological MOTHER to be revered as Shri Sharada Mata, as was done by Vivekananda, Mother of Pondicherry as done by the devotees of Shri Aurobindo, like Jijabhai, as done by Shiva Ji.
Mother is to be revered with the promise to bring the woman at par with man, in every norm of life-physical, mental, gnostic and spiritual. We have the spiritual way of life, to guide the young boys and girls for maintaining the concept of Motherhood in high esteem.
|*Dr. Chaman Lal Raina did Masters in Hindi & English. Ph.D. in Hindi & Iqbaliat at the University of Kashmir. Worked on the research project at the Iqbal Institute for writing monographs on Indology as Research Associate. Worked as lecturer to teach research methodology in Iqbal Institute, University of Kashmir. Dr. Raina's first love is for the Vedas and the Shakti Tradition of India. To his credit goes some ten books on Indology. He was awarded Nagmani Fellowship, Buddhist Fellowship etc. from various Institutions. Presently Dr. Raina is associated with the Yoga Studies, religion and sanskrit at Florida International University, USA.|
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