Krishna---Myth or History

Krishna---Myth or History

ncient Indian history is full of confusion. There were people [Indologists] who doubted India’s past. They believed that India was inhabited by Nomads, called it a land of snake charmers, and fixed arbitrarily Indian history around 500BC-600BC. With finds of Harapa and Mohenjodaro in early twentieth century, these dates needed to be re-fixed by them. A theory of Aryan invasion from central Asia was invented to fit into scheme of things to come. Two civilizations had flourished in India before 600BC. One civilization now called Indus Valley Civilization [IVC] and other Vedic civilization. Indus civilization is believed to have been there from 3300BC—1300BC.This civilization matured by 1900BC and suddenly collapsed by 1300BC.It was postulated that Aryans entered India from central Asia in 1500BC. They conquered locals and formed a mighty civilization in 100 years and fought Mahabharata war in 1400BC.This civilization was labeled Vedic civilization and it finished in 600BC. It is interesting to note that Aryans who were nomads, came from outside, destroyed a well settled people and formed a civilization in just 100 years. This is unbelievable. This theory of invasion is highly disputed now .Rather Aryans were indigenous, who developed a mighty civilization------Vedic civilization. This civilization matured over a period of a few thousand years, not a few hundred years.

Are Mahabharata and Ramayana myths or historical realities? If we do a serious study of Bhagvat Puran and other related literature, one can make a reasonable guess of time of events. In Bhagvat many events described are linked with position of planets. On studying Astronomy, Genecology, Inscriptions, Archeological finds and continued traditions coupled with satellite imagery and carbon dating one can surmise dates of events mentioned with confidence. Drying of Saraswati river has already been confirmed by satellite imagery and local excavations. Submerged Dwarka found in Gujarat has been dated 1500BC [Rao, marine archeologist]. Historian B.B.Lal has given 5700BC---1400BC as time period for Lord Krishna. He also asserted that texts available were not writing of contemporary events.

Various other dates given are:-

Mahabharata war---3711BC ,Kali Yug---3676BC. This is based on old Saptarishi calendar and yug cycles.
Mahabharata war---2449BC by Kalahana, Varahmira
Mahabharata war---1400BC Indologists, date highly disputed now?

Professor Achar of Memphis University after studying planetary positions as mentioned in Bhagvat mentions date of 3067BC for Mahabharata war.

Kali yug dated 17/18th Feb 3012BC by Aryabatha is disputed by Brahmgupt telling Arybatha erred in calculating time in consonance with planetary position mentioned in Bhagvat. He agrees with dates mentioned in Bhagvat.

There are writers who have even stated that between Parikshit and Nanda dynasty there elapsed 1050 years. Coins of Lord Krishna and Balrama have been found in Kabul, date 300BC, giving weightage to their historical presence. Sanderson Beck in his book “Literature of India” says Ramayana and Mahabharata could have occurred around 12000BC—10000BC. Pilny and Arrian, greek historians even identified 154 kings from Lord Rama to Chandergupt [321BC].

From above one can easily state that Lord Rama and Lord Krishna are historical figures and not mythological characters. Dates may go up or down but reality is that Lord Krishna has been a historical figure. Many of events associated with Him can be just stories.
*Dr. Makhan Lal Babu, Born and brought up in Kashmir, lived in Kashmir till his migration from valley in 1990. Retired as Professor and Head Neurosurgery from Institute of Medical sciences, Soura, Srinagar. Has published a lot of professional articles, both in national and international journals. His interests, besides medicine, are in Ancient history of Kashmir, Vedas and Ancient India. His focus is educating youth who are fast losing track of their glorious roots and culture.
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